USA Masters Track and Field

AGE GRADING

Most individual sports have a way of providing a "handicap" to athletes of differing abilities. This is so that an average athlete can compete against a more well trained athlete and still have a chance of defeating them. The "handicap" is used to better the score of the weaker athlete. In Bowling for instance, a handicap is used to increase the number of pins knocked over. In Golf, a handicap is used to decrease the number of strokes.

In Track & Field, scoring is based on the time an athlete runs in a race, the height of a jump, or distance of a throw or jump. An athlete's performance typically improves during youth and declines during aging. Age Grading then is a type of "handicap" used in Track & Field that is based on the athlete's age.

There are two forms of Age Grading that are used. The first corrects an athlete's performance (time, height or distance) to what it would have been (or will be) in their prime years, regardless of the athlete's current age. This effectively levels the playing field for all athletes, just as a "handicap" is intended to do. The other form of Age Grading provides the athlete with a percentage value of the world record for their sex. The percentage can be used over a number of years to compare an athlete's performance. The percentage can also be used for comparing men and women equally. Typical percentages are as follows:

100% = Approximate World-Record Level
90+% = World Class
80+% = National Class
70+% = Regional Class
60+% = Local Class

EXAMPLES
Let's say a man of age 43 runs the 200 Meter Dash in 26.72 (FAT) seconds. His Age Graded time would be 24.24 seconds. This means that in his prime (typically 19 to 29 years old) he would have run a time of 24.24 seconds. This is arrived at by taking his actual time and multiplying by 0.9071 as recorded in the current (2015) age grade tables. His Age Graded performance would be 79.7%. This means that his actual time is 79.7% of the open world standard. This is arrived at by taking the world standard for his sex of 19.32 and dividing by his age-graded time.

Another example is a woman of age 71 who runs the 200 Meter Dash in 37.48 (FAT) seconds. Her Age Graded time would be 25.46 seconds. This means that in her prime (typically 19 to 29 year old) she would have run a time of 25.46 seconds. This is arrived at by taking her actual time and multiplying by 0.6792. Her Age Graded performance would be 83.8%. This means that her actual time is 83.8% of the world standard. This is arrived at by taking the world standard of 21.34 and dividing by her age-graded time.

In the above two examples, if the man and woman had run in a head-to-head competition, the man would have won the race by nearly 11 seconds. This of course would not be a fair race because men are typically faster than women to start with, let alone their age difference that would make the man even that much faster. Using their age graded time, the man would still have easily won the race because even in their prime, men are faster than women. However, the woman is actually in better shape for her age than the man for this event. This can be seen by their percentages. The woman had 83.8% and the man had 79.7%. This means that the woman ran a better time for her age than the man did for his age.

WHO MAINTAINS AGE-GRADED TABLES ?
The tables were researched and compiled by the WMA (formerly WAVA), the world governing body for Masters Track & Field, Long Distance Running and Racewalking. Age Grade tables exist for ages 8 through 100 for all major events.

The first official Age-Graded Tables were compiled by WAVA and published by National Masters News in 1989. Revisions (taking into account improved performances at all ages) were released in 1991, 1994, 2006, 2010 and 2015. The tables can be applied to five-year age groups or individual ages from 8 to 100. The only official use of the Age-Graded Tables by WMA is in scoring multi-event competitions. But the Age-Graded Tables have been incorporated into track meet management software by Hy-Tek and others and used to determine age-graded winners in many other competitions, especially road runs.


ON-LINE AGE-GRADED CALCULATOR
Based on the latest WMA Age-Graded Tables, this ON-LINE CALCULATOR by Howard Grubb allows you to plug in your marks and determine your age graded scores.

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